Treatment for Gum Disease/Gingivitis
Did you know that millions of people lose teeth to gum disease? In fact, periodontal disease is the number one reason for tooth loss in older adults. Early detection and general dental treatment can save your teeth and restore oral health.
Treating gum disease begins with a thorough exam to determine the extent of the problem. The hygienist measures pockets around each tooth to find out to what extent the gums have pulled away from the tooth. In a healthy situation, the gums are snugly attached to the tooth. When gum disease is present, the gums are pushed away, allowing for infection to develop.
After a determination has been made as to how serious the gum disease is, a treatment plan is created. The plaque and tartar, or calculus, that builds up around the teeth must be removed first. This is done with special instruments. Hand instruments called scalers may be used for some areas. Generally, an ultrasound scaler is used to break up the hardened tartar deposits.
Once the tartar and plaque deposits have been eliminated, the roots of the teeth are planed. This smooths the roots so the gums can reattach. In severe cases of gum disease, antibiotics may be placed on the gums to stop the infection. Occasionally, oral antibiotics are prescribed. Surgery may be required in extreme cases to remove damaged gum tissue and repair the gum.
Symptoms and Causes of Periodontal Disease
If you notice that your gums are puffy or swollen and bright pink or red, you may have gingivitis. Early signs of gum disease also include bleeding of the gums when you brush or floss your teeth. Poor oral hygiene is one of the leading causes of this silent disease, but it is not the only one. Medications and some health conditions can lead to periodontal disease. Some individuals are genetically predisposed. Regular dental checkups and cleanings can help reduce the impact of gum disease.
Without the intervention of professional cleaning, the buildup of plaque and tartar continues pushing the gums away from the teeth. This generates areas of infection. As the body’s immune system begins to fight off the infection, toxins from the interaction of the antibodies and bacteria begin to degrade the gum tissue and dissolve the bone. It is due to weakening and bone loss that the teeth involved will eventually fall out.
The cycle of gum disease can be halted with dental care from Village Dental NYC. Restore your oral health by contacting us today for an appointment to have your gums cared for properly.